Baggage Handling System

A Baggage Handling System (BHS) is a type of conveyor system installed in airports that transports checked luggage from ticket counters to areas where the bags can be loaded onto airplanes. A BHS also transports checked baggage coming from airplanes to baggage claims or to an area where the bag can be loaded onto another airplane.

Although the primary function of a BHS is the transportation of bags, a typical BHS will serve other functions involved in making sure that a bag gets to the correct location in the airport. The process of identifying a bag, and the information associated with it, to make a decision on where the bag should be directed within the system is known as sortation. In addition to sortation, a BHS may also perform the following functions:

  • Detection of bag jams
  • Volume regulation (to ensure that input points are controlled to avoid overloading system)
  • Load balancing (to evenly distribute bag volume between conveyor sub-systems)
  • Bag counting
  • Bag tracking
  • Redirection of bags via pusher or diverter
  • Automatic Tag Reader (ATR) (Reads the tags on the luggage provided by the airlines)